Yadda wasan damben gargajiya ke karɓuwa a Nijeriya

Daga FATUHU MUSTAPHA

Wasan damben gargajiya baya buƙatar wani dogon gabatarwa ga masu karatu, domin wasa ne da ya shahara ba ma a nan ƙasar ba, har ma faɗin Afrika ta Yamma gaba ɗaya. Hausawa dai kan masa kirari da “Saga wasan mahaukata, mai hankali yana na daina mahaukaci yana zan fara.” Ba muda wani cikakken bayani akan lokacin da aka fara wasan damben a tarihin Ƙasar Hausa, sai dai shaidu na tarihi sun nuna irin tasirin sa a rayuwar Bahaushe tun shekaru aru aru da suka shuɗe.

Babban misali na daɗewar wasan dambe shi ne abinda muka samu daga tarihin Ƙasar Katsina, inda aka yi wani shahararren dambe tsakanin Sarkin Katsina Sanau da abokin hamayyar sa Korau. Inda a ƙarshe dai Korau ya yi nasarar kayar da Sanau, ya kuma yanka babban ɗan sa Mashedi. Wannan ne ya sanya ake masa kirari da “Ma kas Mashedi baƙon Sanau, Korau abu gungurun, Korau mayen Samri” Muhimmancin wannan dambe ba ƙarami bane ga tarihin Ƙasar Hausa, domin dai da farko ya fito da yadda a lokacin ƙarfi shi ne babban jigon shugabanci a wannan yanki namu.

Wasu kan iya cewa to ashe ba hikima ake nema a lokacin ga shugabanci ba. Sam bah haka abin yake ba, zai wuya wanda bashi da hikima da basira ya iya yin nasara a wasanni irin waɗannan. Musamman dambe da za ka tarar da qarami ya buge ƙato. Wannan ne ma ƙila ya sanya har Bahaushe in yaga ƙarami ya buge ƙato, yakan ce “yau ga ƙaton wofi.” Koda a wannan dambe da aka yi na Sanau da Korau, Korau ya nuna tsantsar hikima ne kafin ya samu ya yi nasara akan abokin karawar ta sa.

Ɗananace

Babban abin lura dai anan shi ne, irin jimawar da wasan dambe ya yi a Ƙasar Hausa har ya zamana a na lissafa shi a tarihi. Haka nan ma kusan an samu bayanai daga adabin hausa musamman a tatsuniyoyi da labarai, da suke ishara da batun dambe a wurare da dama. Wannan ya nuna irin jimawar da sana’ar ta yi.

Sai dai babu wani tabbaci da yake nuni ga cewa ko dama can Bahaushe ya ɗauki dambe a matsayin sana’a ne ko kuma kawai yana yin sa ne dan nishaɗi. Abinda dai muka tabbatar shi ne, a kan shirya irin waɗannan wasanni ne a da can bayan an gama girbi. A wannan lokaci kuma za ka ga al’ummar Hausawa na shirya wasannin Kalankuwa, ciki kuwa har da wasan dambe, Sharo, Kokuwa da sauran su.

Tasirin musulunci ya yi naso shi ma wurin ƙara haɓaka wasan dambe a ƙasar Hausa, musamman in a ka yi la’akari da cewa, yana cikin wasannin da musulunci ya yadda a yi su. Wannan ya sanya koda musulunci ya zo, bai hana wannan wasanni ba tunda ba su saɓa da koyarwar addinin Islama ba.

Ba mu da cikakken bayani a kan su waye shahararrun ‘yan dambe kafin zuwan Turawa, kai koda ma bayan zuwan na su muna ganin abin bai shahara ba sai kusan bayan yaƙin duniya na biyu. Domin kusan babu wani abu da yake nuni ga shaharar wasu ‘yan dambe kafin wannan lokaci. Dambe dai wancan zamani ya fara tasiri ne tun bayan da aka fara samun cigaba wurin harkokin sufuri, da kuma sauƙin rayuwa ta fannonin zamani. Musamman ma yawaitar sabbin kafafen yaɗa labarai na zamani, kamar gidajen Radiyo da na Talabijin.

Haka kuma mutane a lokacin sun fara samun hanyoyin sufuri masu sauri da sauƙi, kamar jirgin ƙasa da motocin haya da suka fara yawaita a wannan lokaci. Dan haka mutane su tashi daga wani ɓangare su tafi wani ya zama abu ne mai sauƙi. Tafiyar da za ka yi a kwanaki, yanzu sai ka yi ta a kwana guda. Sannan kuma a da kafin wanda yake Kano ya samu labarin wanda yake Sakkwato sai a yi wata, amma a yanzu saboda kafafen yaɗa labarai, ana yi zaka ji, dan haka mutane kan samu labarin an shirya dambe a Kaduna suna Kebbi, tunda akwai kayan sufuri nan da nan mutane za su iya zuwa su halarci wasan. Haka suma ‘yan damben za su iya samu labara, kuma su je gurin suma a dama da su.

Garkuwan Cindo

Yalwatar arziki a hannun mutane na cikin abinda ya ƙarawa ‘yan dambe ƙarfin guiwa, musamman a lokacin an fara samun kuɗaɗe, hanyoyin samun kuɗi sun yawaita, ga noman gyaɗa da na Auduga yana tashe, ga masu haƙar Kuza suma suna samu, ga ‘yan boko da suka yi karatu su ka fara aiki walau a En’a ko a kamfanonin turawa wasu ma har a Gwamnatin Tarayya ko ta Lardi. A saboda haka harkokin nishaɗi kullum ƙara ƙaruwa suke. Babban abu ma shi ne samun zaman lafiya da kwanciyar hankali da aka yi a ƙasar.

Wannan ya daɗa armashi ne a zamanin gwamnatin Janar Gowon bayan an gama Yaƙin Basasa, sai kuma ga shi farashin fetur ya tashi a kasuwar duniya, inda har Shugaban Ƙasa ya taɓa iƙirarin “ba kuɗi ne matsalar Nigeriya ba, yadda za ta kashe su.” Dalilin da har ya sanya aka yi ƙarin kuɗin albashi na Adebo da kuma na Udoji. Har ma Ɗan’anace ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun makaɗan ‘yan dambe na wannan lokaci ya ambaci Udoji a wata waƙar sa da ya yi wa wani shahararren ɗan dambe wanda ake kira Basafce “…bai soja bai ɗan sanda, baya aikin sarki, ya ɗaura jiran Udoji…”

Wani abin daya sanya dambe ya ƙara samun tagomashi shi ne nasarar da aka ga wasu da suka kama shi bi ƙuwwatin sun samu, baya ga shahara, gashi kuma suna samun kuɗaɗe daga wasannin da suke yi, musamman irin su Shagon Bakura, Dandunawa, Ango Ɗangiye, Gundumi, Basafce da irin su Miko Dogo. Wannan ta zaburar da wasu matasa a shekarun 70s suka rungumi wannan sana’a ta dambe ka’in da na’in. a wannan lokaci ‘yan dambe irin su, Ado Ɗankore, Lawwalin Maibara, Halilu Kwalara, Sani Ƙanin Basafce, Muhammadu ɗan Sanyinna (Muhammadu Raba Gardama), Musa na Maigatari, Mai Farar Gira, Wada Haɗeja da irin su Mati na Badiya suka shigo suma suka yi sharafin su.

To amma kuma sana’ar dambe ta samu ci baya tun daga wasu shekaru na zamanin Abacha, bayan yawancin waxanda suka fara da su Ado Ɗankore sun bari wasu kuma sun rasu. A wannan lokuta dai sai da ya zamana guraren wasannin musamman Kisgadi a manyan biranen mu sun zama kango, domin hankalin mutane ya tashi daga kan wasan ya koma kan wasu sha’anonin na rayuwa. Sai katsam kuma sai ‘yan shekarun nan kuma ga wasan ya dawo da farin jinin sa.

Ɗandunawa

A yanzu haka dai a kullum wasan sai ƙara samun karvuwa yak e, kullum dawowa yake da kimar sa. Wani abin sha’awa kuma shi ne yadda, kusan dukkan ɓangarorin da suke fafatawa da juna tun usul, har yanzu suna nan. Waɗannan ɓangarori sune, Kudawa, Arewawa da kuma Jamus waɗanda aka fi sani da Guramada, waɗanda asalain su Fulani da suka shiga sana’ar dambe.

A yanzu dai an fara mantawa da tsoffin ‘yan dambe, domin yanzu sabbi ne masu jini a jika suke da fagen, irin su Garkuwan Chindo, Ebola, Ashiru Horror, Ali Qanin Bello, Dogon a leƙa, Shagon ‘Yan sanda, Shagon Mada, Ɗan Aliyu Zaki, Bahagon Sanin Kurna da sauran su.

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